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TinLizzy
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Date Posted:03/31/2009 21:10 PMCopy HTML

http://www.enfield.gov.uk/448/Ponders%20End%20A%20History.htm

Ponders End a history

Ponders End started out as a large hamlet in the parish of Enfield. The Enfield enclosure map (1803) shows a straggling L-shaped settlement. The High Street was built up from Red Lane (Lincoln Road) to just south of Farm Lane (Southbury Road). Houses were dotted along South Street as far as Ponders End Mill and the Lee Navigation. There was also a small settlement clustered around Scotland Green. There was no road access across the river to Chingford. (It was not until the early eighteen-seventies that Lea Valley Road was built, financed by public subscription).

The River Lee in its natural state was more or less navigable as far as Ware and Hertford. The present Lee Navigation was constructed from 1766 under the supervision of John Smeaton, including a lock at Ponders End.

The ancient moated manor house called Durants Arbour stood to the east of the High Street, between The Ride and Durants Road. In the sixteenth century it was held by the powerful Wroth family. Both Sir Thomas Wroth and his son Sir Robert Wroth were prominent MP's during the reign of Elizabeth I. The property later passed to the Stringer family, one of whom, William Stringer, was married to the daughter of the notorious Judge Jeffreys. The manor house was destroyed by fire in the late 18th century, but a Tudor gatehouse survived until 1910. The moat was subsequently filled in and the site built over.
In 1826 there were coaches every half hour to London. In 1840 the first section of what was to become the main railway line to Cambridge was opened between Stratford and Broxbourne with a station at Ponders End. In 1845 the station was served by 6 trains daily in each direction. In 1891 the opening of the Southbury Loop gave Ponders End a second station, sited in Southbury Road. However, this line lost its passenger service in 1909 due to tramway competition.

In 1881 a horse tramway from Stamford Hill was opened as far as the junction of Southbury Road and the High Street. Sadly, it did not prosper and within a short time the service was cut back to Tramway Avenue Depot at Edmonton. In 1907 a completely new electric tramway was built through Ponders End, reaching Waltham Cross in 1908. In 1911 the tramway was extended along Southbury Road, forming a branch to Enfield Town. Apart from the Southbury Road route the trams gave way to trolleybuses in 1938.

A report by the General Board of Health (1850) on sanitary conditions in Enfield reveals an alarming state of affairs in Ponders End. Many of the older cottages were grossly overcrowded and extremly insanitary. The worst affected areas were South Street and Scotland Green. The whole area suffered from poor drainage.
Housing development began at a fairly early date. Alma Road was developed from 1855 and Napier Road had been laid out by 1867. The Lincoln House Estate (Derby Road and Lincoln Road) was built up from 1871. Durants Road was developed from 1888 and Nags Head Road from 1890. By 1914 much of the area had been built up, but there was still open country separating Ponders End from Enfield Highway to the north and Edmonton to the south.

For many years the nearest church was at Enfield Town. Then in 1831 St James Church was built at Enfield Highway. Ponders End did not get a church of its own until 1878 when St Matthew's Church was erected in South Street. The nonconformists, however, took Ponders End rather more seriously. An Independent Chapel was built in the High Street in 1768. (This is the direct ancestor of the present United Reformed Church).

The oldest industrial site is the Ponders End Mill. The present mill buildings date from the late 18th century. In 1809 Grout and Baylis' crape factory was built in South Street. This closed in 1894 and the factory was later taken over by United Flexible Metal Tubing. A jute mill was opened beside the Lee Navigation in 1865, lasting until 1882. The building was taken over by Ediswan in 1886 and used for the manufacture of electric light bulbs and later radio valves. During World War I, a huge munitions factory, the Ponders End Shell Works was built in Wharf Road. The factory buildings were sold off after the war. Further factories were built in the thirties alongside the newly-built Great Cambridge Road.

Housing development resumed after World War I. The gaps separating Ponders End from Edmonton and Enfield Highway were finally closed. Much former market garden land was built upon. By 1939 the area was virtually fully developed.

There have been several transport innovations since World War II. The Southbury Loop, closed to passengers since 1909, was re-opened and electrified in 1960. The Lea Valley Line was electrified in 1969. Trolleybuses gave way to conventional diesel buses in 1961. In the early nineteen-sixties Nags Head Road was extended to link up with Lea Valley Road, bypassing the heavily congested level crossing at Ponders End station.

After World War II much of the older part of Ponders End was in a rundown state. From the fifties onwards there was much council redevelopment particularly in the South Street and Alma Road areas. Today Ponders End is an uneasy mixture of old and new: the Mill buildings survive in the shadow of the Alma Road tower blocks.

© Graham Dalling 2006

Further Reading
Hodson, George and Ford, Edward - A history of Enfield. Enfield. 1873.
Pam, David - Protestant gentlemen: the Wroths of Durants Arbour, Enfield and Loughton, Essex. Edmonton Hundred Historical Society. 1973
Robinson, William - The history and antiquities of Enfield. London. 1873
Whitaker, Cuthbert Whitaker - An illustrated history, statistical and topographical account of Enfield. London. 1911.
St Matthew's Ladies Fellowship - Ponders End remembered. Enfield. 1981.
Dalling, Graham - Parish church of St Matthew, Ponders End. Enfield. 1978.
Pam, David - A history of Enfield: Vol.1: before 1837. Enfield. 1990.

䘀

This document was last updated on 2007-01-02 11:37:24 published by the Libraries team. Document Reference:LBE_112666

TinLizzy Share to: Facebook Twitter MSN linkedin google yahoo #1
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Re:Ponders End History

Date Posted:03/31/2009 21:29 PMCopy HTML

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~ St Catherines House ~

Enfield Middlesex
Visit Website

St Catherine's House

35 Derby Road, Ponders End, Enfield, EN3 4AJ
  Show on the Map
Telephone number for St Catherine's House Visit the official website for St Catherine's House Send an email to St Catherine's HouseRequest a Brochure for St Catherine's House


Owner: A D R Care Homes Ltd


Person in charge: A D Rudd

Registration Authority Area: London

Type of Service: Care home only (Private) , 16 residents

Registered Care Categories*: Alzheimer's/Dementia (Elderly) • Old Age, not falling within any other category

Single Rooms: 12    Shared Rooms: 2

Weekly Charges Guide: Single £420 - £441 , Shared £400 - £421

Facilities & Services: Long Stay Care • Own GP if required • Own Furniture if required • Close to Local shops • Near Public Transport • Lift • Wheelchair access • Gardens for residents

CSCI* Star Rating:  1 Star (0=Poor, 1=Adequate, 2=Good, 3=Excellent)    read more about CSCI ratings

Latest CSCI* Report on St Catherine's House: click here


*Commission for Social Care Inspection (CSCI) is responsible for the registration and inspection of social care services in England.




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Re:Ponders End History

Date Posted:04/01/2009 00:40 AMCopy HTML

Liz,
I was just checking the google map of ponders End, I went to the satalite image, and found 26 Derby. It has a building at bottom of the garden with a blue tarp?
Boy, just going along hertford rd, and Derby it has changed a lot.
Thanks
Alex
TinLizzy Share to: Facebook Twitter MSN linkedin google yahoo #3
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Re:Ponders End History

Date Posted:04/01/2009 10:17 AMCopy HTML

I haven't been there since before I emigrated so its more than 35 years ago...I'll bet its changed.

I was reading some statistics on Tottenham that quite shocked me...Because I went to school there I knew it better than most of you maybe, I knew it was never a 'wonderful' place but my golly gosh it has certainly turned into one of the worst places in Britain apparently!

To think I used to wander the streets when I was 13..(there was nothing except a cafe somewhere up near Southbury Rd that closed at 8.00pm) and a private club in Edmonton...so every night my friends and I just used to wander around, walking up to Tottenham and back...

August 1963 I stayed with Pat Viner (first Sunday without Sunday Dinner) and we were locked in the park in Edmonton...Had to climb the fence to get out!

Pat was the platinum blonde who was crazy about Ed...lol  She was 13 but her boyfriend was 21..

Everyone says kids grow up faster nowadays....I beg to differ!

I couldn't believe the price of renting a house in Ponders End! $2500 a month!...I pay $1375 which is relatively average for a house around here
TinLizzy Share to: Facebook Twitter MSN linkedin google yahoo #4
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Re:Ponders End History

Date Posted:04/01/2009 10:19 AMCopy HTML

Is St Catherines house the 'Champions' old house?

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Re:Ponders End History

Date Posted:04/01/2009 23:28 PMCopy HTML

Liz,
Yes, it looks like they combined John Murray's and the grans house together. Looks like Gary Champion seperate house is still there.
Alx 
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Re:Ponders End History

Date Posted:04/02/2009 23:11 PMCopy HTML

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